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Amphipithecus mogaungensis


TAXONOMY:

MORPHOLOGY:
Amphipithecus mogaungensis had molars which had low crowns and were broad (Fleagle, 1988). The lower first molar had a small paraconulid and lacked a hypoconulid (Ciochon et al., 1985; cited in Conroy, 1990). This species had a dental formula of ?:1:3:3 on the lower jaw (Conroy, 1990). The second premolar of this species was small (Conroy, 1990). This species had a deep mandible (Fleagle, 1988). The inferior transverse torus was well-developed in this species (Conroy, 1990). This species had a deep genioglossal pit (Conroy, 1990). The symphyseal region of this species was short and vertical (Conroy, 1990). This species had an average body mass of around 8.6 kilograms (Fleagle, 1988).

RANGE:
Amphipithecus mogaungensis lived on the continent of Asia and was found in the country of Burma (Fleagle, 1988). This species occurred during the late Eocene (Fleagle, 1988).

DIET:
Based upon dental morphology this was a frugivorous species (Fleagle, 1988).

REFERENCES:
Ciochon, R., Savage, D., Tint, T., and Maw, B. 1985. Anthropoid Origins in Asia? New Discovery of Amphipithecus from the Eocene of Burma. Science, Vol. 229, 756-759.

Conroy, G.C. 1990. Primate Evolution. W.W. Norton and Co.: New York.

Fleagle, J.G. 1988. Primate Adaptation and Evolution. Academic Press: New York.

Last updated: January 24, 2002

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