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The Primata

Primate Evolution

Primate Fact Sheet Links

Primate Conservation

Primate Taxonomy

Primate Definitions
  • Includes some primate related definitions.
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Primate Fact Sheets


Click on the species name to find information about that particular species. For all primate species there is a page on their Morphology, Range, Ecology, Locomotion, Social Behavior, Communication, and Reproduction. Also included are references for each primate species.
* indicates that the species page includes pictures.
PRIMATA


SUBORDER STREPSIRHINI

INFRAORDER LEMURIFORMES

Superfamily Lemuroidea

Family Cheirogaleidae Back to Top

Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus medius
Southern Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus adipicaudatus
Greater Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus major
Furry-eared Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus crossleyi
Small Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus minusculus
Large Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus ravus
Lesser Mouse Lemur...Microcebus murinus
Gray-brown Mouse Lemur...Microcebus griseorufus
Jolly's Mouse Lemur...Microcebus jollyae
Golden-brown Mouse Lemur...Microcebus ravelobensis
Simmons' Mouse Lemur...Microcebus simmonsi
Sambirano Mouse Lemur...Microcebus sambiranensis
Mittermeier's Mouse Lemur...Microcebus mittermeieri
Russet Mouse Lemur...Microcebus rufus
Berthe's Mouse Lemur...Microcebus berthae
Goodman's Mouse Lemur...Microcebus lehilahytsara
Northern Rufous Mouse Lemur...Microcebus tavaratra
Pygmy Mouse Lemur...Microcebus myoxinus
Coquerel's Mouse Lemur...Mirza coquereli
Northern Mouse Lemur...Mirza zaza
Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur...Allocebus trichotis
Fork-crowned Lemur...Phaner furcifer

Family Lemuridae Back to Top

Ring-tailed Lemur...Lemur catta*
Black Lemur...Eulemur macaco
Brown Lemur...Eulemur fulvus*
Mongoose Lemur...Eulemur mongoz*
Crowned Lemur...Eulemur coronatus
Red-bellied Lemur...Eulemur rubriventer *
Gray Gentle Lemur...Hapalemur griseus
Golden Gentle Lemur...Hapalemur aureus
Broad-nosed Gentle Lemur...Hapalemur simus
Ruffed Lemur...Varecia variegata *

Family Megaladapidae Back to Top

Weasel Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur mustelinus*
Small-toothed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur microdon
White-footed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur leucopus
Red-tailed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur ruficaudatus
Antafia Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur aeeclis
Randrianasolo's Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur randrinanasoli
Milne-Edwards Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur edwardsi
Gray-backed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur dorsalis
Sahamalaza Peninsula Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur sahamalazensis
Northern Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur septentrionalis

Family Indriidae Back to Top

Indri...Indri indri
Eastern Woolly Lemur...Avahi laniger
Western Woolly Lemur...Avahi occidentalis
Cleese's Woolly Lemur...Avahi cleesei
Unicolor Woolly Lemur...Avahi unicolor
Diademed Sifaka...Propithecus diadema
Verreaux's Sifaka...Propithecus verreauxi *

Family Daubentoniidae Back to Top

Aye-aye...Daubentonia madagascariensis*

Superfamily Lorisoidea

Family Loridae Back to Top

Calabar Potto...Arctocebus calabarensis
Golden Potto...Arctocebus aureus
Potto...Perodicticus potto*
Martin's False Potto...Pseudopotto martini
Slender Loris...Loris tardigradus*
Slow Loris...Nycticebus coucang
Lesser Slow Loris...Nycticebus pygmaeus*

Family Galagonidae Back to Top

Greater Galago...Otolemur crassicaudatus
Silvery Greater Galago…Otolemur monteiri
Garnett's Galago...Otolemur garnettii
Southern Needle-clawed Galago...Euoticus elegantulus
Northern Needle-clawed Galago...Euoticus pallidus
Eastern Needle-clawed Galago...Euoticus inustus
Lesser Galago...Galago senegalensis
Southern Lesser Galago...Galago moholi
Allen's Galago...Galago alleni
Zanzibar Galago...Galago zanzibaricus
Demidoff's Galago...Galago demidoff
Thomas's Galago...Galago thomasi

SUBORDER HAPLORRHINI

INFRAORDER TARSIIFORMES

Family Tarsiidae Back to Top

Philippine Tarsier...Tarsius syrichta
Horsfield's Tarsier...Tarsius bancanus
Spectral Tarsier...Tarsius spectrum
Dian's Tarsier...Tarsius dianae
Lariang Tarsier...Tarsius lariang
Peleng Island Tarsier...Tarsius pelengensis
Sangihe Island Tarsier...Tarsius sangirensis
Pygmy Tarsier...Tarsius pumilus

INFRAORDER PLATYRHINI

Superfamily Ceboidea

Family Cebidae Back to Top

Bolivian Titi...Callicebus modestus
Bolivian Gray Titi...Callicebus donacophilus*
Beni Titi...Callicebus olallae
Andean Titi...Callicebus oenanthe
Ashy-gray Titi...Callicebus cinerascens
Hoffmann's Titi...Callicebus hoffmannsi
Dusky Titi...Callicebus moloch*
Brown Titi...Callicebus brunneus
Madidi Titi...Callicebus aureipalatii
Chestnut Bellied Titi...Callicebus caligatus
Red Titi...Callicebus cupreus*
Hershkovitz's Titi...Callicebus dubius
Masked Titi...Callicebus personatus
Collared Titi...Callicebus torquatus
Lemurine Owl Monkey...Aotus lemurinus
Brumback's Owl Monkey...Aotus brumbacki
Hershkovitz's Owl Monkey...Aotus hershkovitzi
Northern Owl Monkey...Aotus trivirgatus*
Spix's Owl Monkey...Aotus vociferans
Andean Owl Monkey...Aotus miconax
Peruvian Red-necked Owl Monkey...Aotus nancymae
Black-headed Owl Monkey...Aotus nigriceps
Southern Owl Monkey...Aotus azarae
Kuhl's Owl Monkey...Aotus infulatus
White-faced Saki...Pithecia pithecia*
Monk Saki...Pithecia monachus
Bald-faced Saki...Pithecia irrorator
Red-bearded Saki...Pithecia aequatorialis
Buffy Saki...Pithecia albicans
Black Saki...Chiropotes satanas
White-nosed Saki...Chiropotes albinasus
Black-headed Uakari...Cacajao melanocephalus
Red Uakari...Cacajao calvus
White-throated Capuchin...Cebus capucinus
White-fronted Capuchin...Cebus albifrons
Weeper Capuchin...Cebus olivaceus
Ka'apor Capuchin...Cebus kaapori
Black-capped Capuchin...Cebus apella*
Red-backed Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri oerstedi
Common Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri sciureus*
Golden-backed Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri ustus
Bolivian Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri boliviensis
Blackish Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri vanzolinii
Guatemalan Howler Monkey...Alouatta pigra
Mantled Howler Monkey...Alouatta palliata
Coiba Island Howler Monkey...Alouatta coibensis
Red Howler Monkey...Alouatta seniculus*
Red-handed Howler Monkey...Alouatta belzebul
Brown Howler Monkey...Alouatta fusca
Black Howler Monkey...Alouatta caraya*
Black Spider Monkey...Ateles paniscus*
Long-haired Spider Monkey...Ateles belzebuth
Black-faced Spider Monkey...Ateles chamek
Brown-headed Spider Monkey...Ateles fusciceps
Black-handed Spider Monkey...Ateles geoffroyi*
Woolly Spider Monkey...Brachyteles arachnoides
Humboldt's Woolly Monkey...Lagothrix lagotricha*
Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey...Lagothrix flavicauda

Family Callitrichidae Back to Top

Goeldi's Marmoset...Callimico goeldii*
Common Marmoset...Callithrix jacchus*
Black Tufted-ear Marmoset...Callithrix penicillata
Wied's Marmoset...Callithrix kuhli*
Geoffroy's Tufted-ear Marmoset...Callithrix geoffroyi*
Buffy-headed Marmoset...Callithrix flaviceps
Buffy Tufted-ear Marmoset...Callithrix aurita
Silvery Marmoset...Callithrix argentata*
Golden-white Bare-ear Marmoset...Callithrix leucippe
Snethlage's Marmoset...Callithrix emiliae
Black-headed Marmoset...Callithrix nigriceps
Black-tailed Marmoset...Callithrix melanura
Black-and-white Tassel-ear Marmoset...Callithrix humeralifer
Rio Maues Marmoset...Callithrix mauesi
Golden-white Tassel-ear Marmoset...Callithrix chrysoleuca*
Tassel-ear Marmoset...Callithrix intermedia
Dwarf Marmoset...Callithrix humilis
Rio Acari Marmoset...Callithrix acariensis
Rio Manicore Marmoset...Callithrix manicorensis
Pygmy Marmoset...Cebuella pygmaea*
Golden Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus rosalia*
Golden-headed Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus chrysomelas*
Golden-rumped Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus chrysopygus*
Black-faced Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus caissara
Midas Tamarin...Saguinus midas*
Black-mantle Tamarin...Saguinus nigricollis
Saddle-back Tamarin...Saguinus fuscicollis
Golden-mantle Saddle-back Tamarin...Saguinus tripartitus
Black-chested Moustached Tamarin...Saguinus mystax*
Red-bellied Tamarin...Saguinus labiatus
Emperor Tamarin...Saguinus imperator*
Pied Tamarin...Saguinus bicolor
Cotton-top Tamarin...Saguinus oedipus*
Geoffroy's Tamarin...Saguinus geoffroyi
White-footed Tamarin...Saguinus leucopus
Mottle-face Tamarin...Saguinus inustus

INFRAORDER CATARRHINI

Superfamily Hominoidea

Family Hylobatidae Back to Top

White-handed Gibbon...Hylobates lar*
Agile Gibbon...Hylobates agilis
Mueller's Gibbon...Hylobates muelleri
Moloch Gibbon...Hylobates moloch*
Pileated Gibbon...Hylobates pileatus
Kloss' Gibbon...Hylobates klossii
Hoolock Gibbon...Hylobates hoolock
Black Gibbon...Hylobates concolor*
Siamang...Hylobates syndactylus*

Family Hominidae Back to Top

Orang-Utan...Pongo pygmaeus*
Gorilla...Gorilla gorilla*
Pygmy Chimpanzee (Bonobo)...Pan paniscus*
Common Chimpanzee...Pan troglodytes*

Superfamily Cercopithecoidea

Family Cercopithecidae

Subfamily Cercopithecinae Back to Top

Allen's Swamp Monkey...Allenopithecus nigroviridis*
Talapoin Monkey...Miopithecus talapoin
Patas Monkey...Erythrocebus patas
Vervet Monkey...Cercopithecus aethiops
Dryas Monkey...Cercopithecus dryas
Zaire Diana Monkey...Cercopithecus salongo
Diana Monkey...Cercopithecus diana*
Greater White-nosed Monkey...Cercopithecus nictitans
Blue Monkey...Cercopithecus mitis
Mona Monkey...Cercopithecus mona
Campbell's Monkey...Cercopithecus campbelli
Crowned Guenon...Cercopithecus pogonias
Wolf's Monkey...Cercopithecus wolfi*
Lesser White-nosed Monkey...Cercopithecus petaurista
Red-bellied Monkey...Cercopithecus erythrogaster
Sclater's Monkey...Cercopithecus sclateri
Red-eared Nose-spotted Monkey...Cercopithecus erythrotis
Moustached Monkey...Cercopithecus cephus
Redtail Monkey...Cercopithecus ascanius
L'hoest's Monkey...Cercopithecus lhoesti
Preuss's Monkey...Cercopithecus preussi
Sun-tailed Monkey...Cercopithecus solatus
Hamlyn's Monkey...Cercopithecus hamlyni
DeBrazza's Monkey...Cercopithecus neglectus*
Barbary Macaque...Macaca sylvanus*
Lion-tailed Macaque...Macaca silenus*
Pigtailed Macaque...Macaca nemestrina*
Mentawai Macaque...Macaca pagensis
Moor Macaque...Macaca maura*
Ochre Macaque...Macaca ochreata
Muna-Butung Macaque...Macaca brunescens
Tonkean Macaque...Macaca tonkeana
Heck's Macaque...Macaca hecki
Gorontalo Macaque...Macaca nigriscens
Celebes Macaque...Macaca nigra*
Crab-eating Macaque...Macaca fascicularis
Stumptailed Macaque...Macaca arctoides*
Rhesus Macaque...Macaca mulatta
Formosan Rock Macaque...Macaca cyclopis
Japanese Macaque...Macaca fuscata*
Toque Macaque...Macaca sinica
Bonnet Macaque...Macaca radiata
Assamese Macaque...Macaca assamensis
Arunachal Macaque...Macaca munzala
Pere David's Macaque...Macaca thibetana
Gray-cheeked Mangabey...Lophocebus albigena
Highland Mangabey...Lophocebus kipunji
Black Mangabey...Lophocebus aterrimus
Hamadryas Baboon...Papio hamadryas*
Guinea Baboon...Papio papio*
Olive Baboon...Papio anubis
Yellow Baboon...Papio cynocephalus
Chacma Baboon...Papio ursinus
Gelada Baboon...Theropithecus gelada*
Sooty Mangabey...Cercocebus atys*
White-collared Mangabey...Cercocebus torquatus*
Agile Mangabey...Cercocebus agilis
Tana River Mangabey...Cercocebus galeritus
Mandrill...Mandrillus sphinx*
Drill...Mandrillus leucophaeus*

Subfamily Colobinae Back to Top

Black Colobus Monkey...Colobus satanas
Angolan Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus angolensis
Western Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus polykomos
Geoffroy's Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus vellerosus
Abyssinian Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus guereza*
Western Red Colobus Monkey...Procolobus badius
Pennant's Red Colobus Monkey...Procolobus pennantii
Preuss's Red Colobus Monkey...Procolobus preussi
Tana River Red Colobus Monkey...Procolobus rufomitratus
Olive Colobus Monkey...Procolobus verus
Hanuman Langur...Semnopithecus entellus*
Purple-faced Langur...Trachypithecus vetulus
Nilgiri Langur...Trachypithecus johnii
Javan Langur...Trachypithecus auratus
Silvered Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus cristatus*
Tenasserim Langur...Trachypithecus barbei
Dusky Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus obscurus
Phayre's Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus phayrei
Capped Langur...Trachypithecus pileatus
Golden Langur...Trachypithecus geei
Francois' Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus francoisi
Hatinh Langur...Trachypithecus hatinhensis
White-headed Langur...Trachypithecus poliocephalus
Laotian Langur...Trachypithecus laotum
Delacour's Langur...Trachypithecus delacouri
Mitered Leaf-monkey...Presbytis melalophos*
Banded Leaf-monkey...Presbytis femoralis
White Fronted Leaf-monkey...Presbytis frontata
Grizzled Leaf-monkey...Presbytis comata
Thomas's Leaf-monkey...Presbytis thomasi
Hose's Leaf-monkey...Presbytis hosei
Maroon Leaf-monkey...Presbytis rubicunda*
Mentawai Island Leaf-monkey...Presbytis potenziani
Douc Langur...Pygathrix nemaeus*
Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix roxellana*
Black Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix bieti
Brelich's Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix brelichi
Tonkin Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix avunculus
Proboscis Monkey...Nasalis larvatus*
Pig-tailed Langur...Nasalis concolor

This taxonomy is a hybrid of Fleagle, J.G. 1988. Primate Adaptation and Evolution.Academic Press, New York, Szalay, F. and Delson, E. 1979 Evolutionary History of the Primates.Academic Press, New York, and Groves, C. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., with the addition of a few other species recognized in the literature.



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Last Updated: November 5, 2006