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Primate Fact Sheets

Click on the name of the primate to learn about its behavior. Included is information on Morphology, Range, Ecology, Locomotion, Social Behavior, Communication, and Reproduction. For some species not much is known. These pages are under constant construction. Move through the taxonomy more quickly by clicking on the family name to the right.
Primate Evolution

This site covers aspects of primate evolution, such as how primates first evolved, how primates reached South America, and tree-shrews as primates. Included is a taxonomy of extinct primates.


Cheirogaleidae (Dwarf Lemurs) Lemuridae (True Lemurs) Megaladapidae (Sportive Lemurs)
Indriidae (Indris) Daubentoniidae (Aye-aye) Galagonidae (Galagos, or Bushbabies)
Loridae (Lorises) Tarsiidae (Tarsiers) Cebidae (Cebids: Howler, Titi, Saki, Woolly, Uakari, Capuchin, Spider, Owl, and Squirrel monkeys)
Callitrichidae (Marmosets and Tamarins) Hylobatidae (Gibbons and Siamangs) Hominidae (Great Apes)
Cercopithecinae (Macaques, Baboons, Guenons, Drills) Colobinae (Colobus, Langurs, Leaf- monkeys)


PRIMATA
* Includes pictures.

SUBORDER STREPSHIRINI

INFRAORDER LEMURIFORMES

Superfamily Lemuroidea

Family Cheirogaleidae Back to Top

Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur...Allocebus trichotis
Greater Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus major
Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur...Cheirogaleus medius
Coquerel's Mouse Lemur...Microcebus coquereli
Lesser Mouse Lemur...Microcebus murinus
Russet Mouse Lemur...Microcebus rufus
Fork-crowned Lemur...Phaner furcifer

Family Lemuridae Back to Top

Crowned Lemur...Eulemur coronatus
Brown Lemur...Eulemur fulvus
Black Lemur...Eulemur macaco
Mongoose Lemur...Eulemur mongoz
Red-bellied Lemur...Eulemur rubriventer
Golden Bamboo Lemur...Hapalemur aureus
Gray Gentle Lemur...Hapalemur griseus
Broad-nosed Gentle Lemur...Hapalemur simus
Ring-tailed Lemur...Lemur catta*
Ruffed Lemur...Varecia variegata Family Megaladapidae Back to Top

Gray-backed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur dorsalis
Milne-Edwards Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur edwardsi
White-footed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur leucopus
Small-toothed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur microdon
Weasel Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur mustelinus
Red-tailed Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur ruficaudatus
Northern Sportive Lemur...Lepilemur septentironalis

Family Indriidae Back to Top

Avahi...Avahi laniger
Indri...Indri indri
Diademed Sifaka...Propithecus diadema
Verreaux's Sifaka...Propithecus verreauxi

Family Daubentoniidae Back to Top

Aye-aye...Daubentonia madagascariensis*

Superfamily Lorisoidea

Family Galagonidae Back to Top

Western Needle-clawed Galago...Euoticus elegantulus
Eastern Needle-clawed Galago...Euoticus inustus
Allen's Galago...Galago alleni
Demidoff's Galago...Galago demidoff
Lesser Galago...Galago senegalensis
Thomas's Galago...Galago thomasi
Zanzibar Galago...Galago zanzibaricus
Greater Galago...Otolemur crassicaudatus
Garnett's Galago...Otolemur garnetti

Family Loridae Back to Top

Angwantibo (Golden Potto)...Arctocebus calabarensis
Slender Loris...Loris tardigradus*
Slow Loris...Nycticebus coucang
Lesser Slow Loris...Nycticebus pygmaeus*
Potto...Perodicticus potto* SUBORDER HAPLORRHINI

INFRAORDER TARSIIFORMES

Family Tarsiidae Back to Top

Horsfield's Tarsier...Tarsius bancanus
Dian's Tarsier...Tarsius dianae
Pygmy Tarsier...Tarsius pumilus
Spectral Tarsier...Tarsius spectrum
Philippine Tarsier...Tarsius syrichta

INFRAORDER PLATYRHINI

Superfamily Ceboidea

Family Cebidae Back to Top

Red-handed Howler Monkey...Alouatta belzebul
Black Howler Monkey...Alouatta caraya
Coiba Island Howler Monkey...Alouatta coibensis
Brown Howler Monkey...Alouatta fusca
Mantled Howler Monkey...Alouatta palliata
Guatemalan Howler Monkey...Alouatta pigra
Red Howler Monkey...Alouatta seniculus
Southern Owl Monkey...Aotus azarae
Brumback's Owl Monkey...Aotus brumbacki
Hershkovitz's Owl Monkey...Aotus hershkovitzi
Kuhl's Owl Monkey...Aotus infulatus
Lemurine Owl Monkey...Aotus lemurinus
Andean Owl Monkey...Aotus miconax
Peruvian Red-necked Owl Monkey...Aotus nancymae
Black-headed Owl Monkey...Aotus nigriceps
Northern Owl Monkey...Aotus trivirgatus
Spix's Owl Monkey...Aotus vociferans
Long-haired Spider Monkey...Ateles belzebuth
Black-faced Spider Monkey...Ateles chamek
Brown-headed Spider Monkey...Ateles fusciceps
Black-handed Spider Monkey...Ateles geoffroyi*
Black Spider Monkey...Ateles paniscus
Woolly Spider Monkey...Brachyteles arachnoides
Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey...Lagothrix flavicauda
Humboldt's Woolly Monkey...Lagothrix lagotricha
Brown Titi...Callicebus brunneus
Chestnut Bellied Titi...Callicebus caligatus
Ashy-gray Titi...Callicebus cinerascens
Red Titi...Callicebus cupreus
Bolivian Gray Titi...Callicebus donacophilus
Hershkovitz's Titi...Callicebus dubius
Hoffmann's Titi...Callicebus hoffmannsi
Bolivian Titi...Callicebus modestus
Dusky Titi...Callicebus moloch
Andean Titi...Callicebus oenanthe
Beni Titi...Callicebus olallae
Masked Titi...Callicebus personatus
Collared Titi...Callicebus torquatus
White-fronted Capuchin...Cebus albifrons
Black-capped Capuchin...Cebus apella*
White-throated Capuchin...Cebus capucinus
Ka'apor Capuchin...Cebus kaapori
Weeper Capuchin...Cebus olivaceus
Bolivian Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri boliviensis
Red-backed Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri oerstedi
Common Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri sciureus
Golden-backed Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri ustus
Blackish Squirrel Monkey...Saimiri vanzolinii
Red Uakari...Cacajao calvus
Black-headed Uakari...Cacajao melanocephalus
White-nosed Saki...Chiropotes albinasus
Black Saki...Chiropotes satanas
Red-bearded Saki...Pithecia aequatorialis
Buffy Saki...Pithecia albicans
Bald-faced Saki...Pithecia irrorator
Monk Saki...Pithecia monachus
White-faced Saki...Pithecia pithecia

Family Callitrichidae Back to Top

Goeldi's Marmoset...Callimico goeldii
Silvery Marmoset...Callithrix argentata
Buffy Tufted-ear Marmoset...Callithrix aurita
Golden-white Tassel-ear Marmoset...Callithrix chrysoleuca
Snethlage's Marmoset...Callithrix emiliae
Buffy-headed Marmoset...Callithrix flaviceps
Geoffroy's Tufted-ear Marmoset...Callithrix geoffroyi
Black-and-white Tassel-ear Marmoset...Callithrix humeralifer
Tassel-ear Marmoset...Callithrix intermedia
Common Marmoset...Callithrix jacchus
Wied's Marmoset...Callithrix kuhli
Golden-white Bare-ear Marmoset...Callithrix leucippe
Rio Maues Marmoset...Callithrix mauesi
Black-tailed Marmoset...Callithrix melanura
Black-headed Marmoset...Callithrix nigriceps
Black Tufted-ear Marmoset...Callithrix penicillata
Pygmy Marmoset...Cebuella pygmaea
Black-faced Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus caissara
Golden-headed Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus chrysomelas
Golden-rumped Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus chrysopygus
Golden Lion Tamarin...Leontopithecus rosalia
Pied Tamarin...Saguinus bicolor
Saddle-back Tamarin...Saguinus fuscicollis
Geoffroy's Tamarin...Saguinus geoffroyi
Emperor Tamarin...Saguinus imperator*
Mottle-face Tamarin...Saguinus inustus
Red-bellied Tamarin...Saguinus labiatus
White-footed Tamarin...Saguinus leucopus
Midas Tamarin...Saguinus midas
Black-chested Moustached Tamarin...Saguinus mystax
Black-mantle Tamarin...Saguinus nigricollis
Cotton-top Tamarin...Saguinus oedipus
Golden-mantle Saddle-back Tamarin...Saguinus tripartitus INFRAORDER CATARRHINI

Superfamily Hominoidea

Family Hylobatidae Back to Top

Agile Gibbon...Hylobates agilis
Black Gibbon...Hylobates concolor*
Hoolock Gibbon...Hylobates hoolock
Kloss' Gibbon...Hylobates klossii
White-handed Gibbon...Hylobates lar
Moloch Gibbon...Hylobates moloch
Mueller's Gibbon...Hylobates muelleri
Pileated Gibbon...Hylobates pileatus
Siamang...Hylobates syndactylus Family Hominidae Back to Top

Gorilla...Gorilla gorilla*
Pygmy Chimpanzee (Bonobo)...Pan paniscus
Common Chimpanzee...Pan troglodytes
Orang-Utan...Pongo pygmaeus*

Superfamily Cercopithecoidea

Family Cercopithecidae

Subfamily Cercopithecinae Back to Top

Allen's Swamp Monkey...Allenopithecus nigroviridis
Gray-cheeked Mangabey...Cercocebus albigena
Black Mangabey...Cercocebus aterrimus
Agile Mangabey...Cercocebus galeritus
White-collared Mangabey...Cercocebus torquatus
Vervet Monkey...Cercopithecus aethiops
Redtail Monkey...Cercopithecus ascanius
Campbell's Monkey...Cercopithecus campbelli
Moustached Monkey...Cercopithecus cephus
Diana Monkey...Cercopithecus diana
Dryas Monkey...Cercopithecus dryas
Red-bellied Monkey...Cercopithecus erythrogaster
Red-eared Nose-spotted Monkey...Cercopithecus erythrotis
Hamlyn's Monkey...Cercopithecus hamlyni
L'hoest's Monkey...Cercopithecus lhoesti
Blue Monkey...Cercopithecus mitis
Mona Monkey...Cercopithecus mona
DeBrazza's Monkey...Cercopithecus neglectus
Greater White-nosed Monkey...Cercopithecus nictitans
Lesser White-nosed Monkey...Cercopithecus petaurista
Crowned Guenon...Cercopithecus pogonias
Preuss's Monkey...Cercopithecus preussi
Zaire Diana Monkey...Cercopithecus salongo
Sclater's Monkey...Cercopithecus sclateri
Sun-tailed Monkey...Cercopithecus solatus
Wolf's Monkey...Cercopithecus wolfi
Patas Monkey...Erythrocebus patas Stumptailed Macaque...Macaca arctoides
Assamese Macaque...Macaca assamensis
Muna-Butung Macaque...Macaca brunescens
Formosan Rock Macaque...Macaca cyclopis
Crab-eating Macaque...Macaca fascicularis
Japanese Macaque...Macaca fuscata*
Heck's Macaque...Macaca hecki
Moor Macaque...Macaca maura
Rhesus Macaque...Macaca mulatta
Pigtailed Macaque...Macaca nemestrina
Celebes Macaque...Macaca nigra
Gorontalo Macaque...Macaca nigriscens
Ochre Macaque...Macaca ochreata Mentawai Macaque...Macaca pagensis
Bonnet Macaque...Macaca radiata
Lion-tailed Macaque...Macaca silenus
Toque Macaque...Macaca sinica
Barbary Macaque...Macaca sylvanus
Pere David's Macaque...Macaca thibetana
Tonkean Macaque...Macaca tonkeana
Drill...Mandrillus leucophaeus
Mandrill...Mandrillus sphinx*
Talapoin Monkey...Miopithecus talapoin
Olive Baboon...Papio anubis
Yellow Baboon...Papio cynocephalus
Hamadryas Baboon...Papio hamadryas
Guinea Baboon...Papio papio
Chacma Baboon...Papio ursinus
Gelada Baboon...Theropithecus gelada

Subfamily Colobinae Back to Top

Angolan Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus angolensis
Abyssinian Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus guereza
Western Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus polykomos
Black Colobus Monkey...Colobus satanas
Geoffroy's Black-and-white Colobus Monkey...Colobus vellerosus
Pig-tailed Langur...Nasalis concolor
Proboscis Monkey...Nasalis larvatus
Banded Leaf-monkey...Presbytis comata White Fronted Leaf-monkey...Presbytis frontata
Mentawai Island Leaf-monkey...Presbytis potenziani
Maroon Leaf-monkey...Presbytis rubicunda
Red Colobus Monkey...Procolobus badius
Olive Colobus Monkey...Procolobus verus
Tonkin Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix avunculus
Black Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix bieti
Brelich's Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix brelichi
Douc Langur...Pygathrix nemaeus
Snub-nosed Langur...Pygathrix roxellana
Hanuman Langur...Semnopithecus entellus*
Silvered Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus cristatus
Francois' Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus francoisi
Golden Langur...Trachypithecus geei
Nilgiri Langur...Trachypithecus johnii
Dusky Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus obscurus
Phayre's Leaf-monkey...Trachypithecus phayrei
Capped Langur...Trachypithecus pileatus
Purple-faced Langur...Trachypithecus vetulus

This taxonomy is a hybrid of Fleagle, J.G. 1988. Primate Adaptation and Evolution.Academic Press, New York, and Szalay, F. and Delson, E. 1979 Evolutionary History of the Primates.Academic Press, New York. With the addition of a few other species recognized in the literature.